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2 edition of Effect of tobacco smoke exposure on monkeys fed on atherogenic diet. found in the catalog.

Effect of tobacco smoke exposure on monkeys fed on atherogenic diet.

Patrick Hugh Rose

Effect of tobacco smoke exposure on monkeys fed on atherogenic diet.

by Patrick Hugh Rose

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Published by University of East Anglia in Norwich .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis, (M.Phil.), University of East Anglia, School of Biological Sciences, 1984.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14589819M

Tarriere, H. C., and Hartmann, F., , Investigation into the effects of tobacco smoke on a visual vigilance task, in: Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Ergonomics, pp. –, cited in Wesnes and Warburton, Effects of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet on serum lipids, platelet aggregation and thromboxane formation. Prostaglandins Leukot Med –, Crossref Google Scholar; 27 Barnard RJ and Inkeles SB. Effects of an intensive diet and exercise program on lipids in postmenopausal women. Womens Health Issues 9: –,

PUBLICATIONS. Book Chapters. Hayes, K.C., Hojnacki, J.L., and Nicolosi, R.J., “Primate High Density Lipoproteins.”In High Density Lipoproteins, eds. Day, C.E. Dual-task conditions included hand-controlled tracking with low- and high-frequency conditions and monitoring lights and responding with a button press to indicate brighter lights; differences in tracking performance noted in the ppm group after 3 h of exposure and in the and ppm exposure groups after 4 h in the high-frequency.

Hypertension is not only a well-established cardiovascular risk factor but also increases the risk of atherosclerosis. Clinical trials have shown that, in the highest quintile of diastolic pressure, even with the added risks of high cholesterol and smoking, hypertension still contributes significantly to risk for atherosclerosis. 1 2 In laboratory studies in which hypertension was induced in. Cardiology: Welcome to | Medscape Cardiology, where you can peruse the latest medical news, commentary from clinician experts, major .


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Effect of tobacco smoke exposure on monkeys fed on atherogenic diet by Patrick Hugh Rose Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effects of tobacco smoke depend on whether the exposure is from direct smoking or 93, the distance of those exposed from source, which is necessarily different between the direct smoking and SHS, length of time from when the constituents enter the environment and the individual is exposed (SHS aging) 94, and whether it is mainstream Cited by:   Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke has been associated with an increased risk of childhood cancers, including childhood brain tumors and leukemia/lymphoma (Sasco and Vainio, ).

The long-term effects of fetal and neonatal nicotine exposure on cancer development are not well studied, but there is certainly biological plausibility to suggest Cited by: A full range of scientific evidence, extending from the molecular level to whole populations, supports the conclusion that secondhand smoke causes disease.

The scope of this evidence is enormous, and encompasses not only the literature on secondhand smoke but also relevant findings on active smoking and on the toxicity of individual tobacco smoke components. This review discusses the known cardiovascular effects of smoking and the effects of nicotine without tobacco smoke and interprets the available data on cardiovascular risk during nicotine replacement therapy (NRT).

Nicotine gum and patches are now approved for over the counter sale in the United States. Smokers with cardiovascular disease are advised Cited by: Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant.

More than 70 species of tobacco are known, but the chief commercial crop is N. more potent variant N. rustica is also used around the world. Tobacco contains Geographic origin: The Americas. Persistent heart rate elevation has been shown in primates on an atherogenic diet to accelerate atherosclerosis.

Thus, hemodynamic effects of cigarette smoking would be expected to result in more turbulent blood flow and could contribute to endothelial damage. Oxidant Injury. Cigarette smoke contains many oxidant gases.

The effect of tobacco smoke and some of its constituents on triglyceride secretion in the squirrel monkey. Res Common Chem Pathol P harmacol ; 41, Raymond TL, Delude AJ, Bryant LR. Failure of chronic cigarette smoke exposure to alter plasma lipoproteins of stumptailed macaques {Maraca arctoides).

Cigarette smoking, hereafter referred to as “smoking,” is the largest single risk factor for premature death in developed countries.

Approximately one fifth of the deaths in the United States are attributable to smoking, and 28% of the smoking-attributable deaths involve lung cancer, 37% involve vascular disease, and 26% involve other respiratory diseases (1). Stressors in the hierarchy. The Black report concluded that smoking, diet, and other behavioural factors with biological effects contribute to, but do not fully explain, health inequalities.7 Psychosocial influences, such as self esteem, relate to the social distribution of behavioural risks.8 Distinct from these indirect psychosocial mechanisms, there is evidence of.

ApoE −/− mice fed an atherogenic diet supplemented with an anti-inflammatory dietary mixture containing resveratrol, lycopene, catechin, vitamins E and C, and fish oil showed a substantial reduction in the development of atherosclerosis (Verschuren et al., ).

Ghee although it has some vitamins, it is still 45% saturated fat, and 12% cholesterol according to product labels. Following a vegetarian diet is beneficial for people and animals too.

The negative effects of eating meat are not limited to just cardiovascular disorders. Eating meat over a long period of time can also affect brain function. Other 3 groups of monkeys were experimental groups, all fed a high-cholesterol diet for first 18 months of experiment and then subjected to the following interventions for duration of experiment: (1) 9 monkeys continued on atherogenic diet and were housed in unstable social conditions (HI CHOL/UNSTABLE); (2) 8 monkeys consumed cholesterol.

Tobacco smoke is an underestimated pollutant in many parts of the world. Both smokers and passive smokers have lower plasma and leukocyte vitamin C levels than non-smokers [ 10,], partly due to increased oxidative stress and to both a lower intake and a higher metabolic turnover of vitamin C compared to non-smokers [ 10,We have studied initiation of lesions in He diet-fed swine and demonstrated that all active lesions that were studied were of multiple cell origin (not monoclo­ nal).

Atherogenic Compounds of Tobacco Smoke. Preview Buy Chap95 € Abnormalities Potentially Mediating the Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Atherosclerosis. Pages Smoking is a well-documented risk factor for CVD that is amenable to intervention.

A potential mechanism for the atherogenic effect of cigarette smoke is via plasma HDL. Most research to date has looked at smoking effects on HDL-C concentration rather than HDL structure or. When HCAs were fed in the diet, rodents developed cancers in many organs, including the colon, breast and prostate, and one HCA produced hepatomas in monkeys.

The lesions exhibited alteration in genes including Apc, beta-catenin and Ha-ras, and these changes provide clues to the induction mechanisms. 1. Central nervous system: Subchronic and chronic effects of cyanide in humans include vertigo, equilibrium disturbances, nystagmus, nervousness, headache, weakness, loss of appetite, and changes in smell and taste.

Exposure to cyanide in tobacco smoke has been associated with effects on the optic nerve. fed with a high-cholesterol diet supplemented with garlic. tobacco on the garlic, mace or black mustard-altered hepatic atherogenic effect of allicin: possible mode of action.

Trauma can have a serious effect on babies and toddlers. Many people wrongly believe that babies do not notice or remember traumatic events. Children's diet - fruit and vegetables. Asthma, children and smoking. Exposure to second-hand smoke increases the risk of children developing asthma and provokes more frequent asthma in children.

Teratogenic effects are dependent on the nature of the teratogen, including chemical properties of the chemical, route of exposure, maternal/fetal bioactivation, placental transport, etc.

Deviation can include: (1) death, (2) malformation, (3) growth retardation, or (4) functional defect. Introduction. Cancer is a leading global cause of death and disability, responsible for approximately million deaths each year.

The fact that only 5% to 10% of all cancer cases are due to genetic defects and that the remaining 90% to 95% are due to lifestyle factors (such as smoking, diet and nutrition, alcohol, physical inactivity, obesity, and sun exposure).

Although one study showed that peanut oil was atherogenic when fed to rats and rabbits,21 in another study it was antiatherogenic when fed to cynomolgus monkeys; the blend of fats approximated the fatty acid composition of the average diet in the United States In addition, a low fat diet supplemented with peanuts appreciably improved serum.The monkeys were fed a 2% cholesterol / 25% peanut oil diet for 6 months, and their mean serum cholesterol reached mg%.

They were then fed a % cholesterol / 15% corn oil diet for 6 months. There was less than a 50% increase in the mean aortic radius, by comparison to the 6 month atherogenic diet controls.